Dyslexia and Literacy Assessment and Support Services

Home - About Dyslexia
Hear This Definition of dyslexia
  • A specific learning difficulty that affects the development of literacy skills in reading, spelling and writing
  • Characteristics are difficulties with phonological processing, working memory and processing speed
  • Other difficulties with concentration, motor co ordination and organisation may also occur
  • It is likely to run in families and be there from birth
  • It cannot be 'cured' but its effects can be helped by receiving specific intervention
  • It does not indicate a lack of intellectual ability or intelligence
  • Many strengths are associated with dyslexia such as design, creative and interpersonal skills, problem solving and oral skills
Hear This Who it affects
  • 1 in 10 of the population to some degree
  • Used to be thought that boys were more affected but recent studies show that it affects both genders equally
  • Those of average or above average intelligence
  • Many people develop strategies to alleviate some of their difficulties and are able to cope and achieve. However, when extra demands are made of them in a job or when they begin to study at a higher level difficulties may occur
  • Many achieve success and excel in life: there are many famous people who are dyslexic including Andy Warhol (artist), Eddie Izzard (comedian),Theo Paphitis (Chief Executive Ryman), Roald Dahl (author), Joss Stone (singer), Albert Einstein (scientist).
Hear This Specific learning difficulties

Dyslexia is one specific learning difficulty others include:
  • Dyscalculia - affecting mathematical ability
  • Dyspraxia - affecting movement
  • Dysphasia affecting speech, language
  • Attention deficit disorder (ADD/ADHD)
Some people may have dyslexic difficulties but show traits of another SpLD or experience one SpLD alongside some dyslexic tendencies.

Those who are on the high functioning end of the autistic spectrum or have Aspergers Syndrome may also display dyslexic difficulties.