A specific learning difficulty that affects the development of literacy skills in reading, spelling and writing
Characteristics are difficulties with phonological processing, working memory and processing speed
Other difficulties with concentration, motor co ordination and organisation may also occur
It is likely to run in families and be there from birth
It cannot be 'cured' but its effects can be helped by receiving specific intervention
It does not indicate a lack of intellectual ability or intelligence
Many strengths are associated with dyslexia such as design, creative and interpersonal skills, problem solving and oral skills
Who it affects
1 in 10 of the population to some degree
Used to be thought that boys were more affected but recent studies show that it affects both genders equally
Those of average or above average intelligence
Many people develop strategies to alleviate some of their difficulties and are able to cope and achieve. However, when extra demands are made of them in a job or when they begin to study at a higher level difficulties may occur
Many achieve success and excel in life: there are many famous people who are dyslexic including Andy Warhol (artist), Eddie Izzard (comedian),Theo Paphitis (Chief Executive Ryman), Roald Dahl (author), Joss Stone (singer), Albert Einstein (scientist).
Specific learning difficulties
Dyslexia is one specific learning difficulty others include:
Dyscalculia - affecting mathematical ability
Dyspraxia - affecting movement
Dysphasia affecting speech, language
Attention deficit disorder (ADD/ADHD)
Some people may have dyslexic difficulties but show traits of another SpLD or experience one SpLD alongside some dyslexic tendencies.
Those who are on the high functioning end of the autistic spectrum or have Aspergers Syndrome may also display dyslexic difficulties.